Being a Full-Stack Software Engineer

I know many people who believe that Google is responsible for showing you a website, they just put in where they want to go and follow the clicks it shows on the screen.

But the real magic is in the web infrastructure. A complex worldwide example of standards and protocols.

Let’s see how it works.

Internet Protocol address (IP address)
An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. …

The Internet of Things is advancing by leaps and bounds and is already among us. What to expect?

Recursion concepts

What is recursion?

According to Wikipedia recursion occurs when something is defined in terms of itself or of its type.
Precisely for computer science we can say that it is a function that calls itself.
As a programming technique it is one of the so-called “divide and conquer” techniques and is fundamental in the design of many algorithms.

In order to make a recursive call without falling into an infinite repetition it is necessary to determine a base condition, usually associated with a problem that is no longer possible to divide or unglobe.

For example, whenever we call a function in…

Python3: Mutable, Immutable… everything is object!

Today we will talk about Python, about why everyone is an object.

It follows the principle of “First-Class Everything”. This concept centers around the idea of having every single item of data in python belonging to a class as an object with attributes and methods.

id and type

Each object has an id and a type, it is what identifies them.

It is a built-in function and is used by passing the object as an id(object) parameter to tell us what the id of an object.

Is a built-in function too, and is used to know what type a certain object is…


At the time of programming we find a series of features that we have the need to repeat constantly. Programming in C these features can be grouped into dynamic or static libraries, which we can access to avoid duplicate code, increasing the quality and development time, although they share the same generic name “library”, they use different mechanisms to provide their functionality to the executable.

About the dynamic libraries I was talking about in my post of October 11, 2020, which you can access here.

Today I will explain about the dynamic libraries, but first let’s refresh our memory.

What are libraries?

Survivor’s logbook — by Roberto Ribeiro and Luciana Sarachu

Back home
What an intense journey! We are four crew members in the ship, two teams with the sole mission of discovering how the linux command interpreter works inside. My team is Luciana Sarachu and me. An excellent mix of “nerdism” at different levels of experience. Many things have happened, a rollercoster of emotions and we are back safe and sound. We made this report requested by Holberton School and it includes the story of our jornal.

Opening the doors
After several days of testing we are certain that in all cases, when it receives an order, its behavior always follows…

¿What are they?

When we started programming in C our first tasks were to code a program that uses functions from the standard library “#include <stdio.h>”. But, what is this .h file that we included at the beginning of our program and why is it necessary to include it to use certain functions?

Are libraries literally libraries?

The definition of “library” found in Wikipedia tells us that:

A library is a curated collection of similar information sources and resources, selected by experts and made available to a defined community for consultation or loan, often in a quiet environment conducive to study.

This is something…

A little bit about links in Linux environment

Hard and symbolic link example


Today we will try to explain the difference about hard links and symbolic links in the Linux environment. If you come from Windows we will explain how they differ from shortcuts.

A bit of theory

To begin with, we must know that in Linux each file and folder of the operating system is assigned an integer called an inode.

An inode is a record on the disk. Each inode is unique for each of the files and each of the folders. The number of inodes in your user equals the number of files and folders that…

The compilation process in C language.

What happens when you type “gcc main.c”? | LaptrinhX

What is “gcc”?

First I will explain what gcc is and why we use it.

The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a system produced by the supporting various . GCC is a key component of the and the standard compiler for most projects related to and , including the .

Working with C, C + +, Objective C and Fortran, the gcc is able to receive a source code in any of these languages and generate an executable binary program in the language of the machine where you run.

How is the compilation process?

  1. Preprocessing

During compilation of a C…

My first post for Holberton School


Today we will talk about the use of the ls command and its behavior with special characters.

If you are here, you will surely come looking for the explanation of the operation and its step by step. If you’ve arrived by chance, I’ll tell you that we’ll talk about the use of a command that is used in the Linux Terminal.

What happens when you insert a command?

Shell is the program that receives what is written in the terminal and converts it into instructions for the operating system.

In other words, the objective is to execute the programs that the user types at the same prompt.

Roberto Ribeiro

Software Engineer student at Holberton School

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